11 Types of Windows - Backyard Boss
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11 Types of Windows

Windows are one of the most important elements of a comfortable home. They add natural light and air circulation to our homes. And if we choose the right windows, they can make our homes more energy-efficient. Alternatively, poor quality or old window frames can make your house draughty and cold. Read our post on signs it’s time to replace your home windows if you think this is the case.

To fit the architectural design of your home, you need to choose the window with the right style. The sheer volume of window types out there can be overwhelming, so we’ve compiled a list of 11 types of windows in 2021. Take a look at this list of common types of windows to find the most suitable one for yourself. 

1. Single-hung Windows

White window with blue shutters on wooden wall
Image credits: Paul McGowan via Pixabay

Single-hung windows only have one half (usually the bottom) that is operable. The bottom sash normally slides up and over the upper sash. They’re are suitable for narrow indoor and outdoor spaces. It is because the openable section of the window usually slides up or down instead of opening in or out.

2. Double-hung Windows

White room with table and chairs
Image credit: Pexels via Pixabay

Double-hung windows are similar to single-hung windows, except that both halves are operable. The upper sash slides down, and the bottom slides up, overlapping each other so that both halves can be open simultaneously. It allows for extra natural ventilation while still being suitable to narrow indoor and outdoor windows.

3. Casement Windows

View through a window of sunset over the ocean
Image credits: Sebastian Staines via Unsplash

Casement windows open by swinging in or out, either on a horizontal hinge or a vertical hinge. The main advantage to casement windows is that each window can be constructed from a single pane of glass, which gives the home occupants a less obstructed view of the outside. They are also very effective at ventilation.

4. Hopper Windows

Image Credits: Park Ridge Products on Amazon

Hopper windows are a type of casement windows, except the hinge is on the bottom of the frame, and the window swings open from the top. These windows usually open inwards to prevent water ingress. Special considerations need to be taken into account when installing a hopper window due to the potential of water ingress. They’re usually used close to the ceiling in compact spaces such as basements, bathrooms, and pantries.

5. Skylights

Open skylight with view of the sky
Image credits: Brett Jordan via Unsplash

Skylights are an excellent way to bring natural light into attics and lofts. If you’re converting your attic into a liveable space, your local laws will probably require windows for light and ventilation. Why not consider skylights? Special considerations need to be taken with skylights because they are windows in your roof. Think about how you’ll shade the windows during the hottest part of the year and make sure that your skylight is sealed properly against water.

6. Sliding Windows

Dog looking out of sliding window
Image credits: Scott Webb via Unsplash

Sliding windows are a good option if you have a large space in your wall that you’d like to be glass. You can have two huge window panes of glass for minimal obstruction of views. One, or both, panes could be operable for added ventilation or access to the outdoors.

7. Stacking Windows

White folding doors behind grassy lawn
Image credits: Choi Sungwoo via Unsplash

Stacking or folding windows allow for the widest opening aperture out of any window design. Stacking windows consist of individual panes of glass sitting in a track. The window panes can be opened, stacked, and slid across to either side of the window frame. The individual panes on either side of the window can be opened in isolation, so you have many different configurations for one window.

8. Transom Windows

street cafe
Image credits: analogicus via Pixabay

Transom windows are windows that are above a door or even another window. Nowadays, they are usually decorative and not operable. They originally allowed natural light and air to pass into rooms that didn’t have access to the outside when the internal doors were closed. They were particularly useful in long, narrow row houses.

9. Picture Windows

Lady sitting on window sill
Image credits: Alexandre Chambon via Unsplash

Picture windows are fixed windows that are used primarily for the view on the other side. For this reason, picture windows have very little, if anything, breaking up a single pane of glass. The idea is to maximize the view, so these windows are normally fixed.

10. Bay Windows

Bay window in yellow kitchen
Image credits: Francesca Tosolini via Unsplash

Bay windows protrude from the exterior wall of the house. They create a ‘bay’, with two angled windows joining a third window that’s parallel with the wall. They create a nook, ledge, or window seat on the inside of the house, depending on your design and the size of the bay. Single-hung windows are usually used in bay windows, but the choice is up to the homeowner.

11. Picture Window Combination

Person looking out of a window
Image credits: Free-Photos via Pixabay

Because picture windows aren’t operable, they are often combined with operable windows. A common configuration is a picture window in the middle with a single-hung window on either side. There are many other combinations, and window fabricators should be able to customize your windows configurations any way you want.

Wrap Up

Did you find the right type of window for your next home renovation project? Let us know in the comments below. As you can see, there are numerous different types of windows available today. The list above is just a small selection of all the different types available. All windows have different features for various uses, so make sure you choose the most appropriate type for your situation. And don’t forget to share this post with anybody that’s in the market for windows.