How to Grow and Care for Broccoli - Backyard Boss
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How to Grow and Care for Broccoli

Broccoli is easy to love: It tastes delicious, is a flavorful addition to your favorite summer meals, and it’s super easy to grow. But if you’re reading this guide, chances are you’re in search of a little guidance when it comes to growing and caring for your own broccoli plants.

Fortunately, the process is pretty straightforward. In this guide, you’ll discover the ins and outs of proper planting techniques and care processes. You’ll have all the tools and information you need to help your broccoli plants thrive all season long.

Tools You’ll Need

Broccoli seedlings and garden tools and green watering can on wooden background. Growing seedlings.
Image credit: ZhakYaroslav via Shutterstock

Before you begin the planting and growing process, there are a few tools you’ll need to ensure the process goes off without a hitch. Find out all the essentials below.

  • Seeds or seedlings
  • High quality soil
  • Trowel
  • Fertilizer
  • Watering can or hose
  • Garden containers (optional)
  • Seed starting pots (optional)

How to Grow and Care for Broccoli

Planting Broccoli in Pots

Woman Plants Seedlings in the Eco Friendly Pots
Image credits: pundapanda via Canva

The first step in cultivating broccoli is choosing your seeds. This veggie comes in an abundance of different varieties, but they all require similar planting and care techniques. Broccoli can thrive in container gardens, whether you’d like to place them indoors or outdoors.

Growing broccoli in containers is ideal if you’re limited on space or want better control over lighting, moisture, and pest prevention. You can start your broccoli off by planting seeds in seed starting pots. Cover the seeds with a thin layer of soil, water regularly, and keep an eye out for germination.

After about six weeks, the seeds should begin to sprout. Then, it will be time to transplant them into the garden or a larger pot with plenty of drainage. To do so, dig a small hole, about an inch wide that is deep enough to cover the roots. Be sure to place the plants 12 to 20 inches apart in rows.

Planting Broccoli in the Garden

gardener planting broccoli seedling
Image credits: zlikovec via Shutterstock

If you want to plant broccoli outdoors or in your garden, you can transplant the vegetable from seed starting pots following the same directions you would to plant it into a pot. If you go this route, you can start the process six to eight weeks before the first predicted frost.

Or, you can choose to plant seeds directly in your vegetable garden. Transplanting and outdoor planting should be done either in the spring, around two weeks before the last frost date, or in the fall, around 100 days before the first predicted frost date.

Broccoli seeds should be planted in high quality soil a 1/2 inch deep in rows and a few inches apart. Seedlings, on the other hand, should be planted 12 to 20 inches apart in rows. Also, this veggie prefers plenty of sun and will thrive alongside plants such as cucumbers and carrots.

Caring for Broccoli Plants

Woman watering broccoli plants
Image credits: Tony Pham via Unsplash

Like all vegetables and plants, broccoli requires high quality, well-draining soil. You should also keep the soil moist by watering once weekly around the roots and adding a layer of mulch. You can also fertilize the soil by mixing compost into it or using natural fertilizers.

Broccoli should get at least six hours of sunlight each day, so this is important to consider when you are deciding between growing broccoli in your garden or in containers. Also, be sure to remove any damaged or diseased stems and keep an eye out for common garden pests.

Finally, the plants should be kept at around 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. If the vegetable overheats it can bolt, which will make it bitter and inedible. You can tell broccoli has bolted if the stems and heads begin to flower. If you live in an extremely hot area, you may want to consider planting your broccoli plants in containers. Otherwise, you should be safe to plant them in your vegetable garden!

Add Some Greens to Your Garden

Broccoli is a delicious vegetable that can be added to all sorts of meals and snacks. It’s even tastier when you grow it yourself! And then best part? It’s incredibly easy to grow, whether you prefer to cultivate it indoors or outdoors, in your garden or in a container. With this guide under your belt, your broccoli will grow and thrive all throughout the season.

So, will you be adding broccoli to your vegetable garden? Let us know down below! And if you do, you’ll be happy to hear that harvesting and storing broccoli is just as simple as growing it!

Happy gardening!