How To Grow Banana Trees in Pots - Backyard Boss
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How To Grow Banana Trees in Pots

Whether you’re interested in growing your own bananas or decorating your home with large tropical plants, you’ll be happy to discover that you can grow a banana tree in a pot. With that being said, there are a few things you need to know, tools you’ll need, and directions for care that will ensure your plant thrives all year long.

In this guide, you’ll discover all the essentials for growing banana trees in pots. With the correct materials and treatment, your plant could be producing fruit within a year. And, if you do happen to enjoy the fruits of your labor, consider using banana peels in your garden to get the most out of your crop.

Things to Consider When Growing Banana Trees in Pots

banana plant next to armchair
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Before you jump into planting banana trees, there are a number of things to consider to ensure they’ll thrive. The first thing to remember is the size of banana trees. They usually grow to about an average of 15 feet tall and need to be planted in the ground to thrive. If you want to grow a banana tree in a pot, you’ll need a dwarf variety, which will only grow to around three to six feet tall (10 at most). Luckily, they can also be grown indoors.

You’ll need to choose a pot that is large enough for a plant of this size. In general, the pot should be relatively deep with an adequate drainage hole. A six to ten inch pot should be large enough to start growing your banana tree. Once the tree has reached maturity, it will need to be repotted into a larger pot every two to three years.

Choosing the right soil is also important if you want your banana tree to thrive. Well-draining, mildly acidic soil, such as cactus soil, is the best option for maximum drainage. A soil pH of 5.6 – 6.5 is preferable.

Tools You’ll Need to Grow Banana Trees in Pots

people gardening with pot and green plant
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Growing banana trees in pots requires a number of tools for planting and regular care. Find out all the essentials below so your arsenal is stocked and ready for planting.

  • Plant pot
  • High quality soil
  • Dwarf variety banana corm or seedling
  • Gardening gloves
  • Trowel
  • Watering can or hose
  • Sterilized pruning shears

How to Grow Banana Trees in Pots

Step 1: Source a Banana Corm, Tree, or Sucker

banana sucker hand gardner
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A banana corm is the base of the tree and contains its roots. You can buy a banana corm online or at many garden centers. Simply rinse the corm with lukewarm water to remove any debris, pests, or bacteria before planting. Note, this step is only necessary if you are planting a banana corm.

If you don’t want to use a banana corm, you can purchase a young banana tree and plant it. You can also remove suckers, which are the growths that appear from the root system or at the base of the stem, and propagate them. They should have a stem diameter of two to six inches and should be carefully cut using sterilized pruning shears beneath the soil.

Step 2: Plant the Banana Corm, Tree, or Sucker

growing small banana tree black pot
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The next step is to plant the banana corm, tree, or sucker. Start by filling your pot with soil and creating a small hole in which to place it. Corms should be planted deeply, whereas young trees or suckers can be planted closer to the surface. Cover the roots of the sucker or young tree in soil. The top 20 percent of the corm should be exposed until the plant begins to grow leaves. Finish the planting process by giving the tree a substantial watering.

Step 3: Care for Your Growing Banana Tree

banana musa plant pot
Image credits: Renata.Ka via Shutterstock

Caring for your banana tree is really quite simple and similar to the rules of care for most other houseplants. Regular watering is important to ensure the tree has adequate moisture to continue to grow, develop leaves, and establish roots. Check the soil daily when it has first been planted, using your finger to see if the first inch has dried out. Once it has reached maturity, it may only need to be watered around every 10 days.

Banana trees also require bright, indirect light, so keep them in a well-lit area of your home. You can also fertilize them to encourage growth and fruit production. Once the plant is around six to eight weeks old, you can prune off suckers and propagate and replant them. After harvesting the fruit you will need to cut the tree down to around two and a half feet. It will continue to grow and produce fruit after harvesting.

Get to Planting!

Planting a banana tree is a hassle-free process and requires only a few basic tools and products. And once you’ve planted your banana tree, it will thrive and grow in no time. All it needs is the proper care when it comes to water and sunlight to ensure it continues to develop and produce fruit.

So, will you be adding a banana tree to your collection of potted plants? Let us know below. If you like the look of the banana tree, you may also be interested in growing your very own bird of paradise plant.

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