Vibrant Hibiscus Species: Why Your Garden Should Have One
What is a Hibiscus?
Types of Hibiscus Flowers
How to Plant Hibiscus
No matter your species preferences, your Hibiscus can be planted the same way. There are three ways to propagate a Hibiscus: from seed, a transplant, or from a cutting. Growing from seed can be a fun endeavor, as you can purposely cross two different kinds of Hibiscus and get a unique flower. But this is also the most difficult way to grow a Hibiscus and may take the most work and patience due to a high failure rate. Luckily there are other ways to plant a Hibiscus, namely from a transplant, or from a new growth cutting. Transplants are, understandably, the easiest way to propagate a new plant as they have already been established within a pot. Your step is to correctly move it to a new pot or the ground, depending on the species hardiness you have chosen. Hibiscus can also root from a new growth cutting in the proper soil with a bit of root hormone. It is suggested that you attempt to root your plants in a pot before transplant to better control temperature and moisture as it gets initially established.
Hibiscus Planting Instructions
The key to successful transplants, whether in a pot or directly into the ground, is the space you provide them. If you are transplanting from pot to pot then you will simply want to go up one step. For example, from a one-gallon pot to a 2-gallon pot to a 3-gallon pot, so on and so forth. If you are plating into the ground, you will want to work the soils for at least double of what your plant is currently within to loosen the substrate for good root growth. These rules also apply to planting from cuttings, as there will need to be enough room for your plant’s roots to grow into.
The second step you want to consider is the soil acidity and drainage. Hibiscus enjoys a well-drained soil, but not a dry one, as well as a more acidic base. One way to check your drainage outdoors is to dig your hole and add a gallon of water. If it hasn’t drained within an hour you need to amend your soils to provide better water movement. Sand is a good addition to mix with clay soils, as is any organic materials (like a good compost) to help with a nutrient base. If it drains too quickly you can add in good garden soils and organic composts for water retention.
Basic soils can be easily amended with an addition of peat moss, as well as low phosphorus, high potassium fertilizer mixes that support these types of soils- such as a 10-4-12 or 9-3-13. Just take care not to fertilize prior to your plants have been established. Once your Hibiscus is well-established compost teas and the addition of organics, such as coffee grounds that are more acidic in nature, can be regularly used with ease as well. Once planted, the soils should be kept fairly moist. Be sure to water regularly, and try to keep the soils from getting dry no deeper than two inches from the top of the soils.
Where is the Best Place to Plant a Hibiscus Tree?
Hibiscus Care and Maintenance
Tropical Hibiscus Care
Before bringing your plant indoors for the winter, you’ll want to apply the following quick, and easy, steps:
- 2 weeks before moving indoors move your plant to the shade to allow it acclimation.
- If you plan of pruning your HIbiscus for shaping, this is the time to do so. Take no more than 4 or 5 stems and only the new growth of your branches (no more than ⅔ of any one branch).
- Remove all the dried leaves and flowers, and spraying down with a gentle insecticide can’t hurt to remove any outdoor stowaways before bringing indoors.
- Leaves may yellow and fall off through the winter, so don’t despair: this is normal.
- Water sparingly and only when the top 2 inches of soils have dried out.